Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide your maximum monthly payment after your other recurring debts have been paid.
About your qualifying ratio
For the most part, underwriting for conventional loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.
The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of gross monthly income that can be applied to housing (this includes principal and interest, PMI, hazard insurance, property tax, and HOA dues).
The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month which can be applied to housing costs and recurring debt. For purposes of this ratio, debt includes credit card payments, car loans, child support, and the like.
With a 28/36 qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, please use this Mortgage Loan Qualifying Calculator.
Don't forget these ratios are just guidelines. We will be happy to help you pre-qualify to help you figure out how much you can afford.
One Source Lending 303-220-7500 can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Give us a call: 303-220-7500.